This term covers heartburn (a central chest discomfort) and upper abdominal discomfort or pain. Possible causes include reflux, ulcers and functional dyspepsia - even sometimes irritable bowel syndrome...

FAQ: Does reflux cause cough, sore throat, sinus disease, dental decay or any other problem not directly related to the oesophagus

There is extensive debate and much literature on possible "extra-oesophageal" symptoms causes by reflux - that is more then the typical heartburn and regurgitation. The answer cannot be covered in a few words - but for a small proportion - probably yes. The diagnosis can be difficult and it is not sensible to proceed to an operation for reflux based on a "guess" that reflux or indeed "silent reflux" might be involved.

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